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You're taking the right steps by keeping up to date with colorectal cancer screening.

Your health history puts you at average to high risk for colon cancer. When it’s time to get screened, there are several options that are right for you.

Colonoscopy - in-office procedure

Stool DNA test - at-home stool test

Fecal immunochemical test (FIT) - at-home stool test

Remember, the most common symptom of colorectal cancer is no symptom. 

More Information

About Colonoscopies

A colonoscopy is the standard screening method for people at higher risk and can be used for average-risk individuals, too. It is a routine and safe procedure. A doctor uses a thin tube with a camera to see inside your colon and rectum while you’re in a sleep-like state. If found, polyps — abnormal tissue growths that may become cancer — can be removed during a colonoscopy, preventing cancer. 

A colonoscopy procedure typically takes 30 to 60 minutes, depending on whether the doctor needs to remove polyps or take biopsies. However, patients and caregivers should plan to spend up to three hours total at the hospital or endoscopy center to account for the time needed for preparation and recovery from anesthesia. 

About Family Health History

Family health history plays an important role in determining your cancer risk. About 1 in 4 colorectal cancer patients have a family history of colorectal cancer. Family history means any of the following are true:

  • At least one immediate family member (parent, brother, sister, child) was diagnosed under the age of 60.
  • Multiple second-degree relatives (grandparents, aunts, uncles, etc.) were diagnosed with colorectal cancer or advanced polyps (risk increases if diagnosed before the age of 45).

These genetic factors also increase your lifetime risk of being diagnosed with colorectal cancer:

  • You have a cluster of family members diagnosed with colorectal cancer, referred to as familial colorectal cancer.
  • You inherit a harmful DNA mutation from a parent. This impacts approximately 5-7% of all colorectal cancer patients.

If family history increases your risk, your doctor will recommend earlier and more frequent screening. People with a family history of cancer should get screened at age 40 or 10 years before the age at which their immediate family member was diagnosed, whichever is earlier.

What is colorectal cancer?

Colorectal cancer, or CRC, refers to colon cancer and rectal cancer. One in 24 people will get colorectal cancer in their lifetime, but most people have the power to prevent it!

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