Surgical Treatment Options
What should I know before surgery?
It’s hard to know what questions to ask your doctor. Here is some information to help you work with your doctor to make the best healthcare decisions to treat your colorectal cancer.
What is minimally invasive surgery?
Remove part of the colon
Remove the entire colon
Create an ostomy
Reconnect and reconstruct the colon, or
Remove rectal tumors.
What is open surgery?
With open surgery, the surgeon makes a large cut into the abdomen to remove the tumor and part of the healthy colon or rectum. The surgeon will remove the part of the colon or rectum with the tumor and the attached lymph nodes. The surgeon will check other segments of the colon and nearby organs to see if the cancer has spread. The large incisions affect recovery time.
Four common types are:
- Right hemicolectomy
- Sigmoid colectomy
- Left hemicolectomy
- Low anterior resection (LAR)
Open surgery might still be recommended for patients with:
- Spread of cancer
- Metastases (additional growths)
- Need to remove the tumor completely
- History of medical conditions
- Higher Body Mass Index (BMI) or obesity
Need help finding a second opinion?
We recommend seeking as much advice from different doctors as possible before making a final decision about surgery and treatment options. Some doctors may not be comfortable performing minimally invasive surgery, but that doesn’t mean it’s not the right procedure for you. Check out the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) database to find one of their member surgeons in your area.
As a patient or caregiver, you have to ask questions.
If you don’t ask, you won’t know.
It may be a sensitive subject, but it’s your life.