Treatment options for colorectal cancer
What are the treatment options for colon and rectal cancer?
Treatment for colorectal cancer (cancer of the colon or rectum) depends on the location of the tumor and the stage of diagnosis.
Treatment for colorectal cancer by stage
Stage describes the extent of the cancer in the body and is one of the most important factors in determining prognosis and treatment options.
The higher stages of cancer require advanced treatment options.
Stage 0 = Earliest stage of colorectal cancer
Stage 4 = Most advanced stage of colorectal cancer
|Stage 2||Yes||Yes, for rectal and high-risk colon cancers. FOLFOX (5-FU/Leucovorin/Oxaliplatin) or CapeOx (Capecitabine/ Oxaliplatin)||Yes, for rectal cancer. May be given with 5-FU or Xeloda (Capecitabine)||No|
|Stage 3||Yes||FOLFOX or CapeOx||Yes, for rectal cancer. May be given with 5-FU or Xeloda (Capecitabine)||No|
|Stage 4||Yes, if the tumor is obstructive or blocking the bowel or if there are limited metastases||FOLFOX, FOLFIRI, FOLFIRINOX, CapeOx, Capecitabine, 5-FU/Leucovorin, Irinotecan, Avastin, Erbitux, Perjeta, Tykerb, Enhertu, Vectibix, Zaltrap, Stivarga, Lonsurf, Cyramza. Keytruda, Jemperli, Opdivo+/-Yervoy for certain patients with dMMR/MSI-H cancer.||Yes, for rectal cancer and in certain other cases||Possibly. Options could be Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA), Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT), or chemoembolization (liver-directed therapy)|
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