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Treatment for colorectal cancer by stage


Stage describes the extent of the cancer in the body and is one of the most important factors in determining prognosis and treatment options.

The higher stages of cancer require advanced treatment options.

Stage 0 = Earliest stage of colorectal cancer

Stage 4 = Most advanced stage of colorectal cancer

STAGE SURGERY CHEMOTHERAPY /
BIOLOGICS
RADIATION INTERVENTIONAL
RADIOLOGY
Stage 0 Yes No No No
Stage 1 Yes No No No
Stage 2 Yes Yes, for rectal and high risk colon cancers. FOLFOX (5-FU/Leucovorin/Oxaliplatin) or CapeOx (Capecitabine/ Oxaliplatin) Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda No
Stage 3 Yes FOLFOX or CapeOx Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda No
Stage 4 Yes, if the tumor is obstructive or blocking the bowel. No, if the tumor is not blocking the bowel FOLFOX, FOLFIRI, FOLFIRINOX, Irinotecan, Avastin, Erbitux, Vectibix, Zaltrap, Stivarga, Lonsurf, Cyramza Yes, for rectal cancer and in certain other cases Possibly. Options could be Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA), Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT), or chemoembolization           

Resources for download


QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE TREATMENT

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TREATMENT OPTIONS BY STAGE

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METASTATIC TREATMENT OPTIONS

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