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What are the treatment options for colon and rectal cancer?


Treatment for colorectal cancer (cancer of the colon or rectum) depends on the location of the tumor and the stage-of-diagnosis

Treatment for colorectal cancer by stage


Stage describes the extent of the cancer in the body and is one of the most important factors in determining prognosis and treatment options.

The higher stages of cancer require advanced treatment options.

Stage 0 = Earliest stage of colorectal cancer

Stage 4 = Most advanced stage of colorectal cancer

STAGE SURGERY CHEMOTHERAPY /
BIOLOGICS/Immuno-Oncology
RADIATION INTERVENTIONAL
RADIOLOGY
Stage 0 Yes No No No
Stage 1 Yes No No No
Stage 2 Yes Yes, for rectal and high risk colon cancers. FOLFOX (5-FU/Leucovorin/Oxaliplatin) or CapeOx (Capecitabine/ Oxaliplatin) Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda No
Stage 3 Yes FOLFOX or CapeOx Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda No
Stage 4 Yes, if the tumor is obstructive or blocking the bowel. No, if the tumor is not blocking the bowel FOLFOX, FOLFIRI, FOLFIRINOX, Irinotecan, Avastin, Erbitux, Vectibix, Zaltrap, Stivarga, Lonsurf, Cyramza, Keytruda, Opdivo for detailed information see the Metastatic Treatment Option printout below  Yes, for rectal cancer and in certain other cases Possibly. Options could be Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA), Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT), or chemoembolization           

Additional Resources


QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE TREATMENT FOR METASTATIC COLORECTAL CANCER

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PERSONALIZED TREATMENT PROGRAM

Learn more

TREATMENT OPTIONS BY STAGE

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METASTATIC TREATMENT OPTIONS

Download PDF

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