Minimally invasive surgery (MIS), which includes laparoscopic and robotic procedures, has gained popularity since its introduction. MIS can be performed in patients with colorectal cancer to achieve a variety of outcomes, including the removal of a portion of the colon, removal of the entire colon, creating an ostomy, or reconnecting and reconstructing the colon.
Minimally invasive surgery can also be performed, in some cases, to remove rectal tumors. Robotics is an MIS tool. Based on your surgeon's experience and preference, they will decide whether to use a laparoscopic or robotic procedure.
Many studies have shown that recovering from MIS is faster and easier than open surgery. Minimally invasive surgeries are also equally safe.
Most patients can undergo minimally invasive surgery, especially patients with the following attributes:
- Early stage cancer
- Less advanced cancer
- No prior major surgeries
- Fewer radiation treatments
- Less obesity
The following risk factors may reduce the use of MIS:
- Spread of cancer
- Presence of metastases
- Whether the tumor can be removed completely
- History of medical conditions
Talk to your doctor to find out if minimally invasive surgery is an option for you.