Treatment for Colorectal Cancer by Stage
Stage describes the extent of the cancer in the body and is one of the most important factors in determining prognosis and treatment options.
The higher stages of cancer require advanced treatment options.
Stage 0 = Earliest stage of cancer
Stage IV = Most advanced stage of cancer
|Stage||Surgery||Chemotherapy/ Biologics||Radiation||Interventional Radiology|
|Stage II||Yes||Yes, for rectal and high risk colon cancers. FOLFOX (5-FU/Leucovorin/Oxaliplatin) or CapeOx (Capecitabine/ Oxaliplatin)||Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda||No|
|Stage III||Yes||FOLFOX or CapeOx||Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda||No|
|Stage IV||Yes, if the tumor is obstructive or blocking the bowel. No, if the tumor is not blocking the bowel||FOLFOX or FOLFIRI (5-FU/ Leucovorin/ Irinotecan) plus Bevacizumab or Cetuximab or Panitumumab or Ziv-aflibercept, Regorafenib, Lonsurf||Yes, for rectal cancer and in certain other cases||Possibly. Options could be Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) or chemoembolization|