Colorectal Cancer Treatment
Treatment for colon cancer depends mainly on the location of the tumor in the colon or rectum and the stage of the disease. Treatment for colon cancer may involve surgery, chemotherapy/biological therapy or radiation therapy.
Some people have a combination of treatments. Treatment for colon cancer is sometimes different than treatment for rectal cancer.
Stages of Colon Cancer
The stage describes the extent of the cancer in the body and is one of the most important factors in determining prognosis and treatment options. The higher stages of cancer require advanced treatment options.
Stage 0 = Earliest stage of cancer
Stage IV = Most advanced stage of cancer
|Stage||Surgery||Chemotherapy/ Biologics||Radiation||Interventional Radiology|
|II||Yes||Yes, for rectal and high risk colon cancers. FOLFOX (S-FU/ Leucovorin/ Osaliplatin) or CapeOx (Capecitabine/ Oxaliplatin)||Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda||No|
|III||Yes||FOLFOX or CapeOx||Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or Xeloda||No|
|IV||Yes, if the tumor is obstructive or blocking the bowel
No, if the tumor is not blocking the bowel
|FOLFOX or FOLFIRI (5-FU/ Leucovorin/ Irinotecan) plus Bevacizumab or Cetuximab or Panitumumab or Ziv-aflibercept||Yes, for rectal cancer and in certain other cases||Possibly. Options could be Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) or chemoembolization|