Treatment for colon cancer depends on the location of the tumor and the stage of the disease. Treatment may involve:

Treatment for Colorectal Cancer by Stage

Stage describes the extent of the cancer in the body and is one of the most important factors in determining prognosis and treatment options.

The higher stages of cancer require advanced treatment options.

Stage 0 = Earliest stage of cancer

Stage IV = Most advanced stage of cancer

StageSurgeryChemotherapy/ BiologicsRadiationInterventional Radiology
Stage 0YesNoNoNo
Stage IYesNoNoNo
Stage IIYesYes, for rectal and high risk colon cancers. FOLFOX (5-FU/Leucovorin/Oxaliplatin) or CapeOx (Capecitabine/ Oxaliplatin)Yes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or XelodaNo
Stage IIIYesFOLFOX or CapeOxYes, for rectal cancer. Given in tandem with 5-FU or XelodaNo
Stage IVYes, if the tumor is obstructive or blocking the bowel. No, if the tumor is not blocking the bowelFOLFOX or FOLFIRI (5-FU/ Leucovorin/ Irinotecan) plus Bevacizumab or Cetuximab or Panitumumab or Ziv-aflibercept, Regorafenib, LonsurfYes, for rectal cancer and in certain other casesPossibly. Options could be Radio Frequency Ablation (RFA) or chemoembolization

More Information

QUESTIONS TO ASK BEFORE TREATMENT



TREATMENT OPTIONS BY STAGE OF DIAGNOSIS



METASTATIC TREATMENT OPTIONS



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